If you want to build this: two chunks of 2×4 that were each 20″ long were cut. These were then ripped into 14 strips, which were eventually cut in half. Of these 28 total pieces, 18 were used for hexagonal and 10 were used for pentagonal tubes.
The trick featured in this video is called “the bucket trick.” It will work to find the miter angle for any non-tapered bucket- it tells you what to set your saw at. This trick will work no matter how many sides the bucket has. It is especially useful for multi-sided trim-work, and to avoid making costly mistakes. If you don’t remember what to set your saw at when finishing an octagonal window frame, just divide the whole way around (360) by the number of sides (8 in this case), and then split that into two… and the miter cut is 22.5°.
Think about it in the case of a picture frame: 360/4= 90; 90/2= 45.
It is important to keep in mind that this is just a trick, because a saw that is set to 0° is actually cutting at 90°, so what a table-saw claims is a 30° cut is actually creating a 60° angle on the board. A saw cuts the angle that it claims away from 90°. So a 30° cut is really 30° away from 90°, which is 60°.
The formula at the end may be further simplified to 180/n (when n=number of sides). It is simple to remember that a bucket is a circle, and a regular convex polygon also closes around itself in much the same manner, so both are in a state of 360° completion to their continuous circuit. Further, it is not difficult to remember to cut the result in half, as a means of mental distribution over both pieces of the miter. This entire metaphor is flawed, and it is only a conceptual interpretation that works pragmatically; it is by no means representative of any sort of mathematical truth or revelation- in fact, quite the opposite.